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Sonali Agrawal

Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited-  A Pillar of Progress in Udaipur

Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited (RSMML) is a government-owned mining company located in Udaipur, Rajasthan. RSMML plays a significant role in the extraction and processing of natural resources found in the region. Natural resources are crucial for the development and growth of a region, providing opportunities for economic prosperity and sustainable development. The corporate office of Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited (RSMML) is located at 4, Meera Marg, Udaipur – 313 004, Rajasthan, India. You can also reach them via the following contact details:

Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited (RSMML)

Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited
  • RSMML was established in 1974 to harness the rich mineral resources of Rajasthan.
  • It is a government-owned company under the administrative control of the Department of Mines and Geology, Government of Rajasthan.
  • Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited is responsible for the state’s exploration, mining, and processing of minerals.
  • The company operates various mines and mineral-based plants across Rajasthan, including Udaipur.
  • RSMML’s operations adhere to sustainable mining practices, ensuring environmental conservation and responsible resource extraction.

Related: Hindustan Zinc Limited: Udaipur’s Pillar of Economic Development

The History of RSMML, Udaipur


Nestled amidst the picturesque landscape of Udaipur, Rajasthan State Mines & Minerals Limited (RSMML) boasts a rich history intertwined with the city’s development and India’s mineral landscape. Here’s a glimpse into its remarkable journey:

Early Beginnings:

  • 1947: The roots of RSMML trace back to 1947 with the establishment of Bikaner Gypsum Limited (BGL) in Bikaner.
  • 1969: Discovery of rock phosphate deposits in Jhamarkotra, near Udaipur, leads BGL to take over operations, marking a significant shift.
  • 1979: Recognizing the immense potential of these deposits, the Government of Rajasthan acquires majority shares, and RSMML is officially formed.

Growth & Diversification:

  • 1980s-90s: Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited expands its operations, becoming the leading producer of rock phosphate in India, crucial for fertilizer production and agricultural growth.
  • 1990s-2000s: The company diversifies its portfolio, mining and processing gypsum, lignite, limestone, and fluorspar, catering to various industrial needs.
  • 2000s-Present: Continuous focus on modernization, technology adoption, and sustainable practices sets RSMML apart, ensuring efficient and responsible operations.

Beyond Mining:

  • Social Responsibility: Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited goes beyond its core business, actively contributing to the well-being of local communities through employment, skill development, healthcare, and educational initiatives.
  • Environmental Stewardship: Responsible mining practices and dedicated efforts towards land reclamation and ecological restoration earn RSMML recognition for its sustainability commitment.
  • Tourism & Heritage: Recognizing the importance of tourism for Udaipur, RSMML engages in responsible tourism practices and collaborates with stakeholders to preserve the city’s cultural heritage.

Strategic Business Units and Profit Centres of Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited

In total four minerals based Strategic Business Units and Profit Centres have been set up:

  • Strategic Business Unit and Profit Centre – Rock Phosphate at Udaipur. Jhamarkotra Phosphate Rock Mine
  • Strategic Business Unit and Profit Centre – Gypsum at Bikaner
  • Strategic Business Unit and Profit Centre – Limestone at Jodhpur
  • Strategic Business Unit and Profit Centre – Lignite at Jaipur

Significance of RSMML in Udaipur

Udaipur, known as the “City of Lakes“, is home to several mines and mineral-based industries. RSMML plays a vital role in the development of Udaipur’s economy through its mining operations. The company’s presence in Udaipur has created employment opportunities, contributing to the local economy. RSMML isn’t just about extracting minerals in Udaipur; it’s an integral thread woven into the city’s economic, social, and environmental tapestry.

  • Fueling Progress: Thousands of Udaipur residents find direct and indirect employment with RSMML, boosting the local economy and families well-being. Mining operations act as catalysts for infrastructure development, upgrading roads, transportation, and communication
  • Investing in People: Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited goes beyond paychecks, actively supporting community development through healthcare initiatives, educational infrastructure, and cultural preservation.
  • Stewards of the Land: RSMML actively explores renewable energy and eco-friendly technologies to minimize their environmental footprint.
  • A Lasting Partnership: RSMML draws strength from the community, simultaneously contributing to its progress and prosperity. Responsible mining, social responsibility, and environmental stewardship will ensure RSMML continues to be a cornerstone of Udaipur’s future.

Various Minerals and Resources Found in Rajasthan

Rock phosphate minerals found in RSMM

Rajasthan is known for its diverse and plentiful mineral resources. Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited plays a crucial role in the extraction and processing of these minerals. Some of the key minerals found in Rajasthan include: –

  • Limestone: Rajasthan is renowned for its high-quality limestone, which is used in various industries such as cement, steel, and construction. 
  • Marble: The state is famous for its exquisite marble, which is widely used in architecture, sculpture, and interior design.
  • Gypsum: Rajasthan has significant deposits of gypsum, which is essential for the production of plaster, fertilizers, and construction materials. 
  • Rock Phosphate: The state is rich in rock phosphate, a crucial ingredient in the production of fertilizers.
  • Zinc: Rajasthan is one of the leading producers of zinc in India, with significant reserves of this metal. 

These minerals and resources provide the backbone for industries like mining, cement production, ceramics, and power generation. RSMML’s operations ensure the efficient extraction and processing of these minerals, supporting the growth of these industries and contributing to the overall development of Rajasthan.

Also Read: Top 5 Businessman in Udaipur Making the City Proud

Rajasthan’s Mineral Wealth: A Boon for the Economy

RSMML Udaipur 2

Rajasthan, aptly nicknamed the “Land of Kings,” boasts not just rich history and vibrant culture, but also a treasure trove of mineral resources. These resources play a crucial role in fueling the state’s economy in several ways:

1. Direct Economic Impact:

  • Employment Generation: The mining sector directly employs thousands of people across various roles, from mining operations to processing and transportation. This provides a critical source of livelihood for many families in Rajasthan. Minimum educational qualifications like graduation or diploma in relevant fields like engineering, geology, management, finance, etc. may be needed. Also need experience in mining, minerals, or related fields, depending on the position.
  • Revenue Generation: Rajasthan is the second-largest mineral producer in India, contributing significantly to state revenue through royalties and taxes. This income supports various government initiatives and infrastructure development.
  • Industrial Development: Mineral resources like limestone, gypsum, and granite serve as essential raw materials for numerous industries, boosting manufacturing and economic diversification.

2. Indirect Economic Benefits:

  • Infrastructure Development: Mining operations often require the development of roads, railways, and power grids, benefiting not just the sector but also the overall connectivity and infrastructure of the state.
  • Social Development: Increased economic activity and revenue generation translate into investments in education, healthcare, and social welfare programs, improving the overall living standards of communities.
  • Tourism: Some mines, like the historic salt mines of Sambhar, have become tourist attractions, generating additional revenue and promoting cultural heritage.

3. Beyond the Numbers:

  • Rural Development: Mining activities often take place in rural areas, bringing economic opportunities and growth to these communities that were previously dependent solely on agriculture.
  • Skill Development: The industry necessitates diverse skills, leading to training and development programs that empower local communities with specialized knowledge.

Shining Bright with Awards and Achievements

Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited Udaipur’s commitment to excellence spans various domains, reflected in its numerous awards and achievements. Here’s a glimpse into their accolades across different categories:

1. Mining Excellence:

  • National Mineral Award (2010-11): Best Performer in Rock Phosphate Mining & Beneficiation
  • FIMI Awards (2012, 2017): Gold Award for Excellence in Mining Operations
  • SCOPE Excellence Awards (2015): Award for Excellence in Corporate Governance & Social Responsibility in Mining Sector
  • CII Safety Excellence Awards (2018): Golden Peacock Award for Occupational Health & Safety

2. Corporate Social Responsibility:

  • FICCI CSR Awards (2013, 2015): CSR Award for Community Impact & Inclusive Growth
  • Golden Peacock Awards (2012, 2016): Award for Excellence in Corporate Social Responsibility
  • Greentech CSR Awards (2017): Greentech CSR Excellence Award for Community Development

3. Environment & Sustainability:

  • CII Hariyali Awards (2017): Gold Award for Excellence in Environmental Management
  • FIMI Awards (2013, 2017): Silver Award for Environment Management
  • Golden Peacock Awards (2014): Green Peacock Award for Environment Management

4. Other Achievements:

  • Rajasthan State Industrial Safety Award (2017): First Prize for Best Industrial Safety Performance
  • Vidyasagar Institute of Management Award (2014): Best Practices in HR Management
  • FICCI Quality Excellence Awards (2011): Quality Excellence Award for Manufacturing Large Units

Beyond individual awards, RSMML Udaipur consistently ranks high in sustainability indices and is recognized for its transparency and stakeholder engagement.

Future Prospects and Challenges of RSMML.

RSMML's future gleams

RSMML’s future gleams with potential across diverse landscapes. Tech advancements like AI promise optimized operations and hidden resource discovery. Sustainable practices pave the way for a greener future. Diversification unlocks exciting frontiers, from critical minerals to international markets. But challenges loom like volatile markets, resource depletion, and workforce needs. Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited combats these through AI-powered exploration, sustainable practices, research partnerships, and stakeholder engagement. The path ahead demands agility, innovation, and responsibility, but RSMML is charting a course for a prosperous and sustainable future.

  • Tech-driven Transformation: Embracing advanced technologies like AI, machine learning, and automation can optimize operations, improve resource exploration, and unlock hidden value within existing deposits.
  • Sustainable Stewardship: As environmental consciousness grows, Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited can pioneer sustainable mining practices, minimizing environmental impact and contributing to a greener future.
  • Geopolitical and Economic Fluctuations: Volatile markets, trade wars, and political instability can impact demand and profitability, requiring agility and strategic planning.
  • Developing AI-powered exploration tools to identify new mineral deposits with greater accuracy and efficiency.
  • Implementing sustainable mining practices like reduced water usage, waste minimization, and land reclamation.
  • Partnering with research institutions and universities to develop innovative technologies and solutions for the mining industry.
  • You are engaging in collaborative dialogues with stakeholders to ensure responsible resource management and community development.


Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited Udaipur isn’t just a mining giant; it’s a force for progress, responsibility, and sustainability. From rock phosphate to diverse minerals, it fuels industries while empowering communities. Awards in mining, CSR, and the environment highlight their commitment. Responsible practices minimize footprint, and social initiatives uplift lives. As they innovate and engage, Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Limited ensures a brighter, more sustainable future for Udaipur and beyond.
Remember, it’s more than mining; it’s a story of progress and responsibility. Share your thoughts!

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